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Vitiligo

Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system incorrectly attacks and destroys the melanocytes (cells that make pigment). As a result, white patches appear on the skin where there is no natural colour.
Over time, more white patches may develop.
Vitiligo may also affect hair follicles and sweat glands, causing them to become less active or stop working correctly. However, it's not clear why this happens in some people with vitiligo but not others.
   •   Endocrine disorders
   • Vitiligo may be associated with other endocrines (hormonal) disorders such as hypothyroidism, diabetes, and Addison's disease. It may also occur after specific

 

What Triggers Vitiligo?

  1. Genetic predisposition

  2. Autoimmune diseases or an autoimmune disorder

  3. Infections that can affect the immune system, such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

  4. Associated with other autoimmune disorders, such as thyroid disease, pernicious anaemia,

  5. Addison's disease, and vitiligo

  6.  Sunburns during childhood or in one's youth

  7. Severe emotional stress or trauma to the skin may also trigger depigmentation in some people with vitiligo.

  8. Psychological effects- some people with this disorder may experience psychological trauma such as depression or feel abnormal, especially when exposed to other people because of their appearance. This triggers stress, leading to compulsive behaviour such as smoking, drinking caffeine beverages like coffee and chocolate that might aggravate the condition instead of curing it!

  9.  Other conditions- vitiligo does not only affect the skin, but it also affects other parts of the body such as hair, teeth, and gums. It can result in bony malformations that may lead to physical deformities caused by a lack of melanin production!

Vitiligo can affect your body in many ways than you know. It affects everyone differently because every person reacts differently depending on how they cope with their life experiences, including personal issues

 

Antioxidants

Vitiligo is due to oxidative damage, which means your body lacks the antioxidants needed for detoxification of
harmful chemicals in your body! To keep them at optimum levels, you need to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants like Vitamin A (beta carotene), C, E & Selenium. This will help prevent further breakage of pigmentation cells because they enhance immune system functions, improve tissue repair and protect against ultraviolet radiation exposure by neutralizing free radicals present in the environment!!

Vitamins

Vitamin A, beta carotene, and vitamin E have been known as vitamins with antioxidant properties that prevent the free radical formation and boost immune system function well enough to stop vitiligo permanently! If you're a smoker, especially a heavy one, then take these so your body can detoxify the harmful chemicals better!

Corticosteroids

These weaken your immune system and block the production of chemicals
that trigger depigmentation. Side effects include stretch marks and an increased chance of basal cell carcinoma (cancer), especially if you're also taking ultraviolet light therapy treatments.
(2) Psoralen plus Ultraviolet A (PUVA)

Therapy

This treatment uses psoralens and ultraviolet A light to suppress the immune system. Psoralens make your skin more sensitive to ultraviolet light, and they can be found in medications such as Furocoumarin, Trioxsalen, Methoxsalen, and Xanthotoxin. One possible side effect of PUVA treatment is skin cancer, but your risk of developing this disease will depend on the strength and duration of UV
exposure.

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